Ambikagiri Raichowdhury - Assam Kesari

A nationalist and poet, Ambikagiri Raichoudhury was born on the 18th of December, 1885 in Raipara area of Barpeta to Krishnaram Raichoudhury and Devaki Devi. He was a writer, poet and a great patriot, who contributed towards the freedom movement of India and was imprisoned by the British Government. His works very well reflected his love for the motherland and nationalism. Raichoudhury was often addressed as Assam Kesari, which means the Lion of Assam by the Assamese people. He also headed the annual session of Assam Sahitya Sabha in the year 1950.

A genius, who ignited the fire inside the people of Assam against colonial rule of British, Ambikagiri Raichoudhury had fought bravely against the British rule. Two prolonged battles marked the eventful journey of his life. One was his continuous fight against the injustice of personal luck and on the other hand, the domination of the foreign rulers in India. In his passion to free his motherland, he undertook both pen and sword to fight against the British Government. The hand that carefully planned a dynamite to murder the British Lieutenant Governor was the creator of a play named Bandi Bharat (Captivated India). His prose misses structural balance seldom due to similar temperamental disposition. His writings are calculated medium as well as inspired by socio-political thoughts and ideas. His books are Jagatar sesh adarsha (1916), Ahuti (1953) and Dekadekarir Veda (1942).

Ambikagiri Raichoudhury was the founder of "Oxom Xongrikhini Xobhaa" and "Oxom Jaatiyo Mohaaxobhaa". His works include "Tumi", "Kaabyo", "Aahuti", "Joydroth Bodh", "Binaa", "Onubhuti", "Bondoo Ki Sondere", and "Bedonaar Ulkaa". He was also the editor of Assamese magazines: "Setonaa" and "Dekaa Oxom". Ambikagiri caught the imagination of the country`s youth with his persistent youth and had his views on everything around him and gave them out in the inflexible language. He attended sittings of the Gauhati ASL Club (now liquidated by wiser people) very regularly, for that gave him the opportunity to measure the mind of the country`s youth: and would make a strong protest when a bargeet was executed poorly or in a wrong measure.

World War-II engaged him very seriously about the fate of Man. There was hardly any scope from war as the small earth would ever be able to contain the fast growing human race and the equally expanding national motives.  As a poetical proposition, he gave out very boldly indeed in the form of an essay Jagatar Ses Adarsa Aru Visyavyapi Mahasanti-Sthapanar Upay in 1916 and a poem Manav Jivanbar Rup, in 1929. In the year 1950, he was elected as the president of Assam Sahitya Sabha and in the year 1965, he was honored with Sahitya Akademi Award. In the year 1967, Raichoudhury breathed his last.

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